Pregnancy

Fifteenth week of pregnancy

In the 15th week of pregnancy, the baby is developing rapidly but it is too early to feel its movements. The belly begins to grow and from this moment on it could be useful to attend a gentle gymnastics course, to prevent back discomfort that could appear in the coming months.

Weight and length at 15 weeks

Month 4th month
Gestational age from 14+0 to 14+6
Length of the fetus (*) 8.7cm
Weight of the fetus (*) 90 grams
Weight gain (**) +3kg
Moms group September 2023

 

How many months is 15 weeks pregnant?

At the fifteenth week you are in the fourth month of gestation. To know the exact correspondence between months and weeks of pregnancy you can use our conversion table .

Symptoms of the 15th week

This week you may have:

How your body changes

Growing uterus

The uterus has added the size of a small melon and has now passed the pelvis. Your tummy may already be showing and making you feel the need for looser, more comfortable clothes . For some moms, it might even be time to do some maternity shopping .

The growth of the uterus pushes the abdomen outward and changes the position of the spine: to prevent the onset of back pain , try to pay attention to your posture and avoid lifting heavy objects .

If you haven’t already done so, the advice is to enroll in a course of gentle gymnastics , yoga or swimming , to strengthen the muscles and help them better support the weight of the uterus.

Are you looking forward to hearing from your baby ? At the 15th week of pregnancy it is still too early to perceive her movements, but if you are already a mother you could start to feel something as early as the 16th !

Breast? Let’s talk about!

Many moms-to-be are happy with their fuller shapes , while others experience pain or discomfort from the extra weight of their breasts, which can contribute to back pain. To alleviate these symptoms, the advice is to use a comfortable bra that can support the breasts well, preferably without an underwire. Have you noticed yellowish discharge from your nipples? Don’t worry: this is colostrum , the first milk produced by your breasts. If leakage becomes a problem, you can use nursing pads in your bra. In any case, if your breasts show any changes that concern you, do not hesitate to speak to your gynecologist or doctor.midwife.

Weight and power

Now that nausea is a distant memory (or so it is hoped) you may experience a sharp increase in appetite. Try not to overeat and maintain a varied and balanced diet that provides your child with all the nutrients he needs. Keep in mind that, for women who begin their pregnancy at a normal weight , the expected weight gain at the end of pregnancy should be between 11.5 and 16 kg and that in the second trimester it should average 4.5 -5.5Kg . In this regard, however, it is important to emphasize that every woman is different and whether the gynecologist or themidwife to assess the correct weight gain for your specific situation.

How the child grows

It is almost 9 centimeters long , roughly the size of an orange , and weighs around 90 grams . 

Distinguish the light…

Your little one continues to grow fast. Its skin is very thin, allowing you to clearly see the underlying blood vessels . These days the eyebrows are forming and even if the eyes are still closed your baby  can perceive the light that filters through the belly. The taste buds are almost the same as an adult’s and allow him to explore new flavors through the amniotic fluid , which he continues to ingest in large quantities. He often hiccups  , but it’s still too early for you to feel it.

…hear your voice…

The mechanism behind hearing continues to develop, and it can now hear your heartbeat , the sound of your voice , and even outside noises . This is the perfect time to start talking to him or singing him a lullaby – all these interactions will stimulate his brain development of him and help create a strong bond of attachment between you and your little one!

…and feeds through you!

At this time, your baby gets most of the energy needed from the glucose you introduce with food. Furthermore, he uses fatty acids for the development of his organs and to form myelin , a sort of protective and insulating sheath essential for the transmission of nerve impulses. His bones continue to grow stronger and therefore need a lot of calcium . His genitals are visible on the ultrasound but it is not certain that it is already possible to establish the sex of the child: to know for sure and it will be the bow will be pink or blue you will probably have to wait for the morphological ultrasound, which is usually performed around the 20th week .

Do you know that…

You can calculate the size of your uterus by using a simple tape measure and measuring the distance from your pubis about 1-2 inches below your belly button .

For the dad

Hug your partner often! Some studies have shown that the more a mother is hugged during pregnancy the more she will hug her baby than she will once it is born.

Checks and exams to do

  • Alpha-fetoprotein test

Between the 15th and 17th week of pregnancy, the alpha  fetoprotein (AFP) test , a maternal blood screening test that is used to identify the presence of neural tube defects, can be performed . This exam is often replaced by other earlier and more reliable tests, such as the fetal DNA test and the combined test (nuchal translucency + Bi-test).

Advice from the 15th week of pregnancy

  • It’s the right time to enroll in a  prenatal gym class : activities such as stretching , yoga, pilates and above all swimming can be very useful for strengthening back muscles and improving posture, helping to prevent back pain back .
  • Avoid making efforts : if you really can’t avoid lifting a weight, always remember to lower yourself by bending your knees and not your torso.
  • If you’ve already started experiencing back pain, try sleeping on your side , preferably your left side, with your legs bent and a pillow between your knees. This position promotes proper spinal alignment and can help reduce pain. You can use  pregnancy support pillows if you want .
  • Do you feel in great shape and are you experiencing an increase in sex drive ? Unless there are specific contraindications from the gynecologist, sex during pregnancy is considered safe and even beneficial. If you have poor vaginal lubrication , ask your obstetrician or midwife for recommendations on a water-based lubricant .

Kathryn Barlow is an OB/GYN doctor, which is the medical specialty that deals with the care of women's reproductive health, including pregnancy and childbirth.

Obstetricians provide care to women during pregnancy, labor, and delivery, while gynecologists focus on the health of the female reproductive system, including the ovaries, uterus, vagina, and breasts. OB/GYN doctors are trained to provide medical and surgical care for a wide range of conditions related to women's reproductive health.

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