Children’s skin diseases
Healthy Living

Children’s skin diseases: what are they?

It may happen that your child suddenly starts scratching or that spots or redness begin to appear on their body. What can they be caused by? What are children’s skin diseases? How do you treat skin rashes in children?

Most rashes in babies are not a big deal and go away on their own or with a little help from a doctor-prescribed cream.

How do we deal with these cases? How do we understand if the rash is dangerous? If your child’s rash doesn’t bother him, it’s probably not a cause for concern, although you should always call your doctor if you want reassurance.

What can cause rashes on children’s skin?

The world of childhood rashes is large and varied. Rashes can be caused by exposure to irritants or allergens, as well as fungal, parasitic, viral, or bacterial infections.

Rashes usually tend to be red in color but how they appear depends on the cause.

What are the most common rashes on children’s skin?

Diaper rash

What is diaper rash? At some point most babies and children develop a red, patchy rash around the genital area or buttocks. Both diarrhea and teething can make diaper rashes more likely.

The causes are mainly urine and feces which can irritate the skin and lengthening the time between changes which can sometimes lead to a rash. Less commonly, diaper rashes can also be caused by yeast infections, bacterial infections, or an allergy to an ingredient in a diaper or wipe.

Eczema

What is Eczema? Also called atopic dermatitis, eczema is a chronic condition characterized by dry, inflamed or itchy patches. Flare-ups come and go, but eczema can often be managed by keeping the skin moisturized and avoiding known triggers.

Experts aren’t sure exactly what causes eczema, but children (and adults) with the condition have skin that’s unable to protect itself even from environmental irritants and allergens, such as dust, scratchy fabrics, soaps, and detergents. , and some foods.

Insect bites

What are insect bites? Bites and stings from bees, wasps, mosquitoes, ticks can cause redness and swelling. In rare cases, an insect bite can also trigger anaphylaxis, a serious and life-threatening allergic reaction that causes the airways to swell, causing difficulty breathing.

What do bug bites look like? Depending on the insect that delivered it, bug bites can be itchy and annoying or even painful. Some, such as mosquito bites or bee stings, cause small red bruises, while tick bites can lead to a bulls-eye-like rash (in which case you should contact your pediatrician immediately or seek treatment urgent).

Kathryn Barlow is an OB/GYN doctor, which is the medical specialty that deals with the care of women's reproductive health, including pregnancy and childbirth.

Obstetricians provide care to women during pregnancy, labor, and delivery, while gynecologists focus on the health of the female reproductive system, including the ovaries, uterus, vagina, and breasts. OB/GYN doctors are trained to provide medical and surgical care for a wide range of conditions related to women's reproductive health.

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