65 Montessori activities and sensory games to stimulate children’s development

Sensory games are activities that can be offered to children from very early childhood to school age. The aim is to stimulate the cognitive activity of the little ones by involving and using the 5 senses.

In fact, from birth children begin to explore the environment and the world around them through sight, hearing, touch, taste and smell.

Babies look, hear, touch, taste, smell, and the more sensory experiences they experience, the more they assimilate, learn, associate and develop new skills. Thus, being stimulated to process and transform sensations into information, they considerably improve both their cognitive and communicative and emotional abilities.

Montessori activities and sensory games for early childhood development and stimulation

The 5 senses – and the other perceptive abilities such as the sense of balance and the perception of the body in space – are innate perceptive abilities, but they must be gradually refined thanks to the interaction with the outside world.

The purpose of sensory games – which are activities or even real toys often made with common objects – is precisely this: to help children sharpen their senses and gain experience while having fun .

Parents and teachers play an important role in this since they can offer children sensory activities and games suitable for each stage of growth and development. Some games are commercially available, but most can be easily created at home with everyday objects.

To give you an idea of ​​the activities you can offer your little ones, here is an interesting list of Montessori activities and sensory games for children. I’ve already covered it here on Fertile Period and you can learn more by following each link.

Sensory games from 0-6 months

  1. First month: the Munari carousel
  2. Second month: octahedron carousel
  3. Second and third month: Gobbi carousel
  4. Third and fourth month: dancers carousel
  5. Third and fourth month: tactile mobiles and various rattles
  6. Fifth month: tactile and musical sensory games
  7. Sixth month: the sensory panel

Sensory games from 6-12 months

  1. sensory mat
  2. treasure basket
  3. sensory books
  4. tactile books
  5. sound books
  6. cloth games
  7. sensory bottles
  8. the bar and the mirror
  9. stackable forms
  10. musical instruments
  11. game of chairs for balance
  12. fine motor games

DIY sensory games 1-3 years

  1. wooden sensory panels
  2. cardboard sensory panels
  3. sensory pouches
  4. sensory boxes and tubs
  5. thematic papers for language
  6. Montessori boards
  7. the palette of pegs to recognize colors
  8. the rackings
  9. practical life activities

Sensory/Montessorian games 3-5 years

  1. Montessori games for introducing numbers
  2. Montessori activities to learn letters
  3. weaving, knitting, sewing
  4. dress yourself
  5. games that stimulate fine motor skills
  6. manual activities with natural elements
  7. crafts with paper
  8. activities to do in the garden

Activities and games to stimulate vision

  1. carousel game
  2. cards with black and white geometric designs
  3. playing with colorful books for babies
  4. mirror game

Activities and games to stimulate hearing

  1. talk to the child
  2. play white noise
  3. sing lullabies and nursery rhymes
  4. read and tell stories
  5. play games to discover where sounds come from
  6. guess what noise it is
  7. create musical instruments
  8. the game of silence
  9. sound books

Activities and games to stimulate touch

  1. Tactile sensory books
  2. tactile sensory carpet
  3. tactile panels and tablets
  4. tactile sensory cards
  5. tactile games on the stereognostic sense

Activities and games to stimulate the sense of smell

  1. The game of bottles or cylinders
  2. The olfactory sachets
  3. The olfactory game of cotton balls
  4. The olfactory game with wooden sticks
  5. The mysterious dough to recognize smells
  6. The olfactory tray game

Activities and games to stimulate Taste

  1. Taste and discover the 4 main flavours
  2. Taste and guess
  3. Montessori style sensory tasting bottles
  4. What flavor is it?
  5. Taste comparison

In any case and for every activity aimed at stimulating the senses it is important that the child has fun and processes the information without the parents forcing the time. In fact, it is important to respect the growth stages of children (which are different from child to child) paying attention to the needs of the little ones. In case of exaggerated or imperceptible responses to the proposed stimuli, although you shouldn’t worry, it’s best to talk to your pediatrician.

Kathryn Barlow is an OB/GYN doctor, which is the medical specialty that deals with the care of women's reproductive health, including pregnancy and childbirth.

Obstetricians provide care to women during pregnancy, labor, and delivery, while gynecologists focus on the health of the female reproductive system, including the ovaries, uterus, vagina, and breasts. OB/GYN doctors are trained to provide medical and surgical care for a wide range of conditions related to women's reproductive health.

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